Posted on Monday, July 20, 2009
We’ve updated “Perfecting the Art of the Deal,” a working paper that applies our research to potential mergers and acquisitions. Read the introduction below and click to download the entire article in PDF form.
Perfecting the Art of the Deal
Applying Strategic Stress Tests to Greatly Increase the Odds of M&A Success
Paul B. Carroll and Chunka Mui
20 July 2009
Numerous studies have shown that roughly two out of three corporate acquisitions fail, as measured by the performance of the stock of the acquiring company. What if those odds could be flipped? What if it were possible to succeed two times out of three and just fail a third of the time?
Our research suggests this is possible. A 20-person team that spent two years investigating 2,500 major corporate failures from the past 25 years found that almost half stemmed from ill-conceived strategies that should never have been pursued. Applying the lessons derived from that research can help executives dodge problems and reshape strategies in ways that greatly increase the chances of success.
The issue is timely because there’s likely to be an awful lot of acquiring over the next few years. That’s because the sort of lull in activity that currently exists has historically been followed by a burst of M&A activity. The severity of the recession may, in fact, mean deal activity will be far greater this time around. The crisis is creating scads of targets, many of which never would have been in play before. And many companies that are available for purchase are especially attractive because they haven’t had time to really deteriorate; they just need a shot of liquidity, and they’ll be good to go again.
But the possible downside is enormous, too. Just ask Bank of America about its $50 billion acquisition of Merrill Lynch. Or ask private-equity fund Bay Harbour Management about its decision to buy the Steve & Barry’s retail clothing chain out of bankruptcy proceedings for $168 million last year, only to announce three months later that it would liquidate the chain. Based on our research, we identified both those deals as flawed at the time they were announced, but it was too late for BofA and for Bay Harbour. (For more on our thoughts on these and other deals, see our blog at blog.billiondollarlessons.com)
The time to get things right is now, not when the deal pipeline starts to fill. That’s because our research found that, once a deal is in the works, it’s hard to stop, even when it’s a bad idea. Companies need to agree ahead of time on the sorts of quality checks and process safeguards that will let them strengthen weak ideas and stop bad ones. In other words, executives can take advantage of the current lull to make sure that, when the deals start flowing again, they can have those two in three odds, not the one in three that have historically prevailed.
In this paper, we’ll lay out a quality assurance process that we call the Strategic Stress Test. Companies should be putting this process in place now, because good deals will make heroes of the acquiring companies and their senior executives while bad deals will sink others.